Doors and gates are useful design elements for conveying people from place to place. As with other elements of design, the Americans with Disabilities Act affects how landscape architects design doors and gates. The California Supplemental Exam for landscape architects has several questions about accessible design and it is possible that questions about doors and gates will be on the exam.
All entrances and ground floor exit doors must be made accessible. In existing buildings, when an exit is not accessible, provide a sign to direct people to the nearest accessible means of egress.
At each accessible door, provide and indicate a clear and level (2% slope) landing on each side of door. On the plan or indicate level difference between top of threshold and door landing to be 1/2″ max (if beveled at 1:2). Indicate level difference between interior and exterior door landing to be 1/2″ max (if beveled at 1:2).
In existing projects, level differences at landing/threshold transitions greater than 1/2″ shall be accomplished by means of ramps or sloped walking surfaces and must include required level landings.
All gates intended for pedestrian use, including ticket gates, must comply with all applicable requirements of doors (see items above).
Identify gate with a mark on plans and include in door schedule. Provide and indicate accessible operating hardware and 10” high smooth surface at bottom of gate. Gate on required exit path must comply with exit door and hardware requirements.